The import of scrap materials in India is governed by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). The process can be complex and requires compliance with several laws and regulations, including the Foreign Trade Policy, the Hazardous Waste Management Rules, and the Plastic Waste Management Rules. Here is a general overview of the process of importing scrap materials in India:
- 1) Obtain BIS registration: The BIS is the national standards body of India and is responsible for setting standards for products and services. Scrap materials must be registered with the BIS before being imported into India. The registration process involves obtaining a quality control order from the BIS, which is based on the type of scrap material and the intended use.
- 2) Obtain a Import-Export Code (IEC): All importers and exporters in India are required to have an IEC, which is issued by the DGFT. The IEC is required for customs clearance and is a pre-requisite for obtaining an import license.
- 3) Obtain an import license: An import license is required for certain scrap materials, such as hazardous waste and e-waste. The license is issued by the DGFT and is based on the type of scrap material and the intended use.
- 4) Obtain a Bill of Lading: A bill of lading is a document issued by the shipping company that serves as a receipt for the goods and serves as proof of ownership. It is required for customs clearance.
- 5) Obtain a Customs Declaration Form (CDF): The Customs Declaration Form (CDF) is a declaration form filled by the importer or his representative and submitted to the customs department. It contains information about the importer, the goods being imported, and the value of the goods.
- 6) Obtain a Packing List: A packing list is a document that details the contents of each package and the number of items in each package. It is used for customs clearance and for ensuring that the correct items have been received.
- 7) Obtain a Hazardous Waste Import Permit: Scrap materials that are classified as hazardous waste, such as e-waste, require a hazardous waste import permit. The permit is issued by the MoEFCC and is based on the type of scrap material, the intended use, and the disposal plan for the waste.
- 8) Obtain a Plastic Waste Management Import Permit: Scrap materials that are classified as plastic waste, require a plastic waste management import permit. The permit is issued by the MoEFCC and is based on the type of scrap material, the intended use, and the disposal plan for the waste.
- 9) Obtain a Phytosanitary certificate: This certificate is issued by the Plant Protection Organization of the country of origin, certifying that the consignment of scrap materials is free from pests and diseases.
- 10) Obtain an Inspection Certificate: This certificate is issued by the authorized inspection agency of the country of origin and confirms that the consignment of scrap materials is of the standard quality.
- 11) Obtain Customs Clearance: After all the required documents have been submitted, the importer or his representative will have to clear the goods through customs. The customs department will verify the documents and the goods will be cleared for release upon payment of applicable duties and taxes.
- 12) Obtain a Delivery Order: Once the customs clearance has been obtained, the importer or his representative will be issued a delivery order, which serves as a release order for the goods.
It is important to note that the Indian government has been taking various steps to reduce imports of certain goods. Therefore, importers should also keep themselves updated on the current regulations and policies.
In conclusion, importing scrap materials in India requires obtaining various documents and clearances. The process can be complex but with the right documentation and planning, it can be done smoothly. The importer must ensure that they meet all the requirements set by the Indian customs department, BIS, DGFT, and MoEFCC, and that the goods meet the necessary standards and regulations. It is also important to keep oneself updated on the current regulations and policies related to the import of scrap materials in India.